Golden, 26, played for the Knights in 2006 before securing a move to Super League with Wakefield.
He said: “I am really looking forward to coming back to York. It is a great club with very loyal fans. I have been told good things about Gary Thornton from other players and I am genuinely really excited at the potential of both the club and the team.”
The move was made possible due to the Knights Squad Builder Fund, which has provided the majority of the funds required to clinch the signing.
Knights Head Coach Gary Thornton said: “It’s a fantastic result for the club to have re-signed Jason Golden. As soon as we heard he was available, we pulled out all the stops to secure his signature.
“Jason is a quality back rower with proven Superleague experience and just what I need to strengthen our forward pack. He has all the attributes I’m looking for in a back row forward, he has a great work ethic, carries the ball strong and can defend. He will be a huge asset to our squad.
“It’s the second time he has been with York and I know he really enjoyed his time here before. He’s been away and got three or four seasons of Superleague experience with Wakefield and London behind him, which will really benefit him and the rest of the squad this time around.
“Jason has maintained a good relationship with Ian and John since he was first at the club, and they have both worked hard to secure the deal, so once again, they have backed me in bringing quality players to the club. I would also like to thank all of the supporters who have contributed to the Squad Builder Fund to help make this signing possible. With your continued support I have no doubt that we will be extremely competitive in 2013.”