Anderson, 34, has been charged with a Grade F offence, which carries a suspension tariff of at least eight matches.
Workington's James Robinson is also set for a lengthy spell on the sidelines, having been charged with a Grade D offence of punching and conduct contrary to the spirit of the game in the same incident.
He could be out for between four and eight matches, while Carcassonne's Tyrone Pay has been charged with a Grade B punching offence.
London Broncos coach Andrew Henderson is already looking forward to this year's Four Nations tournament, in which Scotland will take on the might of Australia, New Zealand and 'the Auld Enemy' England.
Hull FC have signed young centre Nick Rawsthorne from Halifax for the 2017 season.